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Restoration synthesis

Feedbacks between biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services during the recovery process of restored ecosystems after anthropogenic disturbance

PIs: David Moreno (CNRS, Montpellier France) and Holly P. Jones (Northern Illinois University, USA)

date at sDiv: 26.-28.05.2014

As human extraction of resources grows and land uses change, ecosystem restoration is becoming a critical tool to both stem biodiversity loss and ensure flows of key ecosystem services into the future. However, the science of ecological restoration is relatively young. It has yet to fully take advantage of the potential for cross‐scale studies of restoration efforts to inform our understanding of ecosystem recovery, resilience, and functioning and to hone restoration decisions. Rigorous tests of restoration trajectories of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, and cross‐scale investigations of strategies to maximize restoration outcomes, remain scarce.

This research will investigate the pattern and timing of recovery of both biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services in ecosystems following large‐scale disturbances (agriculture, damming, eutrophication, hurricane/cyclones, invasive species, logging, oil spills, and overfishing). Expected outcomes of this project are:

  • empirically‐derived guidance for restoration and conservation regarding the performance of various metrics of ecosystem recovery;

  • a searchable online repository of the empirical studies that document ecosystem recovery; and

  • a series of approximately three peer‐reviewed journal manuscripts reporting findings about the relationships among biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, and ecosystem services in recovering ecosystems.

A significant portion of this project will be devoted to training graduate students and public outreach. We will use social media, blogs, and news articles to communicate our findings with the public using an existing platform dedicated to promote the implementation and improve accessibility of the science and practice of ecosystem restoration.

José María Rey Benayas (University of Alcalá); Daniel Montoya (University of Bristol); David Moreno Mateos (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Karen Holl (University of California); Michelle McCrackin (WSU Vancouver); Paula Meli (Natura y Ecosistemas Mexicanos A.C.); Peter Jones (Northern Illinois University)

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Paula Meli, Karen D. Holl, Jo-sé María Rey Benayas, Holly P. Jones, Peter C. Jones, Daniel Montoya, David Moreno Mateos. (2017) A global review of past land use, climate, and active vs. passive restoration effects on forest recovery. PLoS One 12, e0171368. see here

Mccrackin M. L., Jones H. P., Jones P. C. & Moreno-Mateos D. (2016) Recovery of lakes and coastal marine ecosystems from eutro-phication: A global meta-analysis. Limnology and Oceanography. doi:10.1002/lno.10441 see here

Moreno-Mateos D., Barbier E.B., Jones P.C., Jones H.P., Aronson J., López-López J.A., McCrackin M.L., Meli P., Montoya D, Rey Benayas J.M.. (2017) Anthropogenic eco-system disturbance and the recovery debt. Nature Communincations 8, 14163. see here

Jones H.P., Jones P.C., Barbier E.B., Rey Benayas J.M., Holl K.D., McCrackin M.L., Meli P., Montoya D., Moreno-Mateos D. (2018). Restoration and repair of Earth's damaged ecosystems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2577. see here


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