sFDvent - A functional trait perspective on the global biodiversity of hydrothermal vent communities

sDiv working group sFDVent

1st working group meeting

10.10-13.10.2016

PIs: Amanda Bates; Abbie Chapman

Hydrothermal vent communities differ dramatically in their taxonomic composition on a global scale, forming distinct ‘biogeographic provinces’ without shared species.  We will use a functional trait approach, which offers a common currency to compare vents across these provinces.  Our working group aims to build and test a global functional trait database for ephemeral, species poor, high biomass hydrothermal vent ecosystems, using species and community data collected since hydrothermal vents were first discovered nearly forty years ago.  We will quantitatively assess spatiotemporal patterns in functional diversity and identify environmental and evolutionary drivers, conservation hotspots and indicators of resilience. Deep-sea mining at hydrothermal vents is expected to begin in 2017 and we expect our findings will inform the guidelines for environmental impact assessment, conservation, and management of deep-sea ecosystems at a time when guidelines are being written and discussed by industry and policymakers.  We will: (i) compile, collate, curate and make freely available a database integrating species identities and abundance data for global hydrothermal vent systems; (ii) populate functional trait information for our global database; (iii) test for large-scale biogeographic patterns to identify functional diversity and productivity hotspots and areas of rapid turnover; and (iv) develop indicators of resilience (and associated R code), based on a synthesis of data following natural disturbance events like volcanic eruptions.  We will use the results of this work to inform our understanding of which hydrothermal vent communities may be exceptional.

Participants
Amanda Bates (University of Southampton); Stace Beaulieu (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution); Abbie Chapman (University of Southampton); Ana Colaço (MARE-Azores); Andrey Gebruk (Shirshov Institute of Oceanology); Ana Hilário (University of Aveiro); Terue Kihara (Senckenberg am Meer - German Centre for Marine Biodiversity Research (DZMB)); Eva Ramirez Llodra (Norwegian Institute for Water Research); Jozée Sarrazin (Ifremer); Verena Tunnicliffe (University of Victoria); Ingolf Kühn (UFZ)

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sFDVent 2nd meeting
sFDVent II

2nd working group meeting

24.04.-28.04.2017

Participants
Amanda Bates (University of Southampton); Rachel Boschen (University of Victoria); Abbie Chapman (University of Southampton); Robert Cooke (University of Southampton); Jonathan Lefcheck (Virginia Institute of Marine Science); Pierre Legendre (Université de Montréal); Marjolaine Matabos (Ifremer); Jozée Sarrazin (Ifremer); Verena Tunnicliffe (University of Victoria)

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