Prof Christian Wirth

iDiv Speaker

Committees and memberships


  • Ecological Society of Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein (GfÖ)
  • Steering committee of the TRY initiative (DIVERSITAS, IGBP)
  • German Botanical Society (DBG e.V.)
  • DIVERSITAS Germany

Editorial boards


  • Annals of Forest Research
  • Oecologia

Academic positions


  • since 2009 Professor at Leipzig University
  • Head of department “Special Botany and Functional Biodiversity” and director of the Botanical Garden, Institute of Biology
  • 2005–2009 Leader of junior research group “Organismic Biogeochemistry” at MPI-BGC
  • 2000–2003 Postdoc at MPI-BGC, BMBF: Model analysis of carbon dynamics in Thuringian Forests
  • 2003–2005 Princeton University, USA, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, USA and Sukachev Institut of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, Russia



  • 1996 Diploma in Biology, University Bayreuth (with highest honours)
  • 2000 PhD in Biology, University of Bayreuth under supervision of Prof. E.-D. Schulze (Plant Ecology; summa cum laude)

Research focus


Biodiversity and ecosystem functions, functional diversity of trees and forests, linking population ecology and biogeochemistry, disturbance ecology, dynamic of decay processes, research of natural forest, allometry and allocation, "diversification" of earth sytem models

iDiv publications


C. Guimarães-Steinicke, A. Weigelt, R. Proulx, T. Lanners, N. Eisenhauer, J. Duque-Lazo, B. Reu, C. Roscher, C. Wagg, N. Buchmann, C. Wirth

(2021): Biodiversity facets affect community surface temperature via 3D canopy structure in grassland communities. Journal of Ecology 109(5) *

C. Wirth, R. A. Engelmann, N. Haack, H. Hartmann, R. Richter, F. Schnabel, M. Scholz, C. Seele-Dilbat

(2021): Naturschutz und Klimawandel im Leipziger Auwald: Ein Biodiversitätshotspot an der Belastungsgrenze. Biologie in unserer Zeit 51(1)

G. Kunstler, A. Guyennon, S. Ratcliffe, N. Rüger, P. Ruiz-Benito, D. Z. Childs, J. Dahlgren, A. Lehtonen, W. Thuiller, C. Wirth, M. A. Zavala, R. Salguero-Gomez

(2021): Demographic performance of European tree species at their hot and cold climatic edges. Journal of Ecology 109(2) *

Haack, N., A. Grimm-Seyfarth, M. Schlegel, C. Wirth, D. Bernhard, I. Brunk, K. Henle

(2021): Patterns of richness across forest beetle communities—A methodological comparison of observed and estimated species numbers. Ecology and Evolution 11(1)

L. Kretz, K. Koll, C. Seele-Dilbat, F. van der Plas, A. Weigelt, C. Wirth

(2021): Plant structural diversity alters sediment retention on and underneath herbaceous vegetation in a flume experiment. PLOS ONE 16(3)

M. Freiberg, M. Winter, A. Gentile, A. Zizka, A. N. Muellner-Riehl, A. Weigelt, C. Wirth

(2021): A New and Improved Online Catalogue of all Extant Vascular Plant Names Available. TAXON 70(1) *

Nordt, B., I. Hensen, S. F. Bucher, M. Freiberg, R. B. Primack, A.-D. Stevens, A. Bonn, C. Wirth, D. Jakubka, C. Plos, M. Sporbert, C. Römermann

(2021): The PhenObs initiative: A standardised protocol for monitoring phenological responses to climate change using herbaceous plant species in botanical gardens. Functional Ecology (in press) *

Richter, R., C. Hutengs, C. Wirth, L. Bannehr, M. Vohland

(2021): Detecting Tree Species Effects on Forest Canopy Temperatures with Thermal Remote Sensing: The Role of Spatial Resolution. Remote Sensing 13(1) *

Freiberg, M., M. Winter, A. Gentile, A. Zizka, A. N. Muellner-Riehl, A. Weigelt, C. Wirth

(2020): LCVP, The Leipzig catalogue of vascular plants, a new taxonomic reference list for all known vascular plants. Scientific Data 7(1) *

Kattge, J., ..., Bruelheide, H., ..., De Frutos, A.,..., Durka, W., ..., Erfmeier, A., ..., Jandt, U., ..., Klotz, S., ..., Kühn, I.,..., Römermann, C., ..., Roscher, C., ..., Rüger, N.,..., Wirth, C., Nutrient, N.

(2020): TRY plant trait database - enhanced coverage and open access. Global Change Biology 26(1), 119-188

Kretz, L., Seele, C., van der Plas, F., Weigelt, A., Wirth, C.

(2020): Leaf area and pubescence drive sedimentation on leaf surfaces during flooding. Oecologia (in press)

Kühl, H. S., D. E. Bowler, L. Bösch, H. Bruelheide, J. Dauber, D. Eichenberg, N. Eisenhauer, N. Fernández, C. A. Guerra, K. Henle, I. Herbinger, N. J. B. Isaac, F. Jansen, B. König-Ries, I. Kühn, E. B. Nilsen, G. Pe'er,A. Richter, R. Schulte, J. Settele, N. M. van Dam,M. Voigt, W. J. Wägele, C. Wirth,A. Bonn

(2020): Effective Biodiversity Monitoring Needs a Culture of Integration. One Earth 3(4) *

Kunstler, G., A. Guyennon, S. Ratcliffe, N. Rüger, P. Ruiz-Benito, D. Z. Childs, J. Dahlgren, A. Lehtonen, W. Thuiller, C. Wirth, M. A. Zavala, R. Salguero-Gomez

(2020): Demographic performance of European tree species at their hot and cold climatic edges. Journal of Ecology (in press) *

Ma, X. L., Migliavacca, M., Wirth, C., Bohn, F. J., Huth, A., Richter, R., Mahecha, M. D.

(2020): Monitoring Plant Functional Diversity Using the Reflectance and Echo from Space. Remote Sensing 12(8) *

Rüger, N., Condit, R., Dent, D. H., DeWalt, S. J., Hubbell, S. P., Lichstein, J. W., Lopez, O. R., Wirth, C., Farrior, C. E.

(2020): Demographic trade-offs predict tropical forest dynamics. Science 368(6487), 165-168

Volf, M., A. Weinhold, C. L. Seifert, T. Holicová, H. Uthe, E. Alander, R. Richter, J.-P. Salminen, C. Wirth, N. M. van Dam

(2020): Branch-Localized Induction Promotes Efficacy of Volatile Defences and Herbivore Predation in Trees. Journal of Chemical Ecology (in press) *

Volf, M., Wirth, C., van Dam, N. M.

(2020): Localized defense induction in trees: a mosaic of leaf traits promoting variation in plant traits, predation, and communities of canopy arthropods?. American Journal of Botany

Weise, H., Auge, H., Baessler, C., Bärlund, I., Bennett, E. M., Berger, U., Bohn, F., Bonn, A., ..., Wirth, C., Wolf, C., Grimm, V.

(2020): Resilience trinity: safeguarding ecosystem functioning and services across three different time horizons and decision contexts. Oikos (in press)

Barry, K. E., Mommer, L., van Ruijven, J., Wirth, C., Wright, A. J., Bai, Y. F., Connolly, J., De Deyn, G. B., de Kroon, H., Isbell, F., Milcu, A., Roscher, C., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schmid, B., Weigelt, A.

(2019): The Future of Complementarity: Disentangling Causes from Consequences. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 34(2), 167-80

Benavides, R., Valladares, F., Wirth, C., Muller, S., Scherer-Lorenzen, M.

(2019): Intraspecific trait variability of trees is related to canopy species richness in European forests. Perspectives in Plant Ecology Evolution and Systematics 36, 24-32

Craven, D., M. Winter,K. Hotzel, J. Gaikwad, N. Eisenhauer, M. Hohmuth, B. König-Ries, C. Wirth

(2019): Evolution of interdisciplinarity in biodiversity science. Ecology and Evolution 9(12), 6744-6755 *

Eisenhauer, N., ..., A. D. Barnes, K. Barry, A. Bonn, U. Brose, H. Bruelheide, ..., F. Buscot, ..., O. Ferlian, ..., D. P. Giling, ..., H. Hillebrand, J. Hines, ..., B. König-Ries, ..., C. Roscher, ..., M. Türke, N. M. van Dam, F. van der Plas, A. Vogel, ..., A. Weigelt, ..., C. Wirth,  M. Jochum

(2019): A multitrophic perspective on biodiversity–ecosystem functioning research. In: Nico Eisenhauer, David A. Bohan, Alex J. Dumbrell (Eds.) Mechanisms underlying the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem function Advances in Ecological Research, p. 1-54 *

Kukunda, C. B., P. Beckschafer, P. Magdon, P. Schall, C. Wirth, C. Kleinn

(2019): Scale-guided mapping of forest stand structural heterogeneity from airborne LiDAR. Ecological Indicators 102, 410-425

Kupers, S. J., Engelbrecht, B. M. J., Hernández, A., Wright, S. J., Wirth, C., Rüger, N.

(2019): Growth responses to soil water potential indirectly shape local species distributions of tropical forest seedlings. Journal of Ecology 107(2), 860-74

Kupers, S. J., Wirth, C., Engelbrecht, B. M. J., Hernández, A., Condit, R., Wright, S. J., Rüger, N.

(2019): Performance of tropical forest seedlings under shade and drought: an interspecific trade-off in demographic responses. Scientific Reports 9(1)

Kupers, S. J., Wirth, C., Engelbrecht, B. M. J., Rüger, N.

(2019): Dry season soil water potential maps of a 50 hectare tropical forest plot on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Scientific Data 6, 63 *

Purahong, W., K. A. Pietsch, H. Bruelheide, C. Wirth, F. Buscot, T. Wubet

(2019): Potential links between wood‐inhabiting and soil fungal communities: Evidence from high‐throughput sequencing. MicrobiologyOpen 8(9)

Schuldt, A., Ebeling, A., Kunz, M., Staab, M., Guimarães-Steinicke, C., Bachmann, D., Buchmann, N., Durka, W., Fichtner, A., Fornoff, F., Härdtle, W., Hertzog, L. R., Klein, A.-M., Roscher, C., Schaller, J., von Oheimb, G., Weigelt, A., Weisser, W., Wirth, C., Zhang, J., Bruelheide, H., Eisenhauer, N.

(2019): Multiple plant diversity components drive consumer communities across ecosystems. Nature Communications 10(1), 1460

Weise, H., Auge, H., Baessler, C., Baerlund, I., Bennett, E. M., Berger, U., Bohn, F., Bonn, A., Borchardt, D., Brand, F., Chatzinotas, A., Corstanje, R., De Laender, F., Dietrich, P., Dunker, S., Durka, W., Fazey, I., Groeneveld, J., Guilbaud, C. S. E., Harms, H., Harpole, S., Harris, J. A., Jax, K., Jeltsch, F., Johst, K., Joshi, J., Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Kuhlicke, C., Mueller, B., Radchuk, V., Reuter, H., Rinke, K., Schmitt-Jansen, M., Seppelt, R., Singer, A. S., Standish, R. J., Thulke, H.-H., Tietjen, B., Weitere, M., Wirth, C., Wolf, C., Grimm, V.

(2019): Resilience trinity: safeguarding ecosystem services across three different time horizons and decision contexts. bioRxiv 549873

Bruelheide, H., Dengler, J., Purschke, O., Lenoir, J., Jimenez-Alfaro, B., Hennekens, S. M., Botta-Dukat, Z., Chytry, M., Field, R., Jansen, F., Kattge, J., Pillar, V. D., Schrodt, F., Mahecha, M. D., Peet, R. K., Sandel, B., van Bodegom, P., Altman, J., Alvarez-Davila, E., Khan, M., Attorre, F., Aubin, I., Baraloto, C., Barroso, J. G., Bauters, M., Bergmeier, E., Biurrun, I., Bjorkman, A. D., Blonder, B., Carni, A., Cayuela, L., Cerny, T., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Craven, D., Dainese, M., Derroire, G., De Sanctis, M., Diaz, S., Dolezal, J., Farfan-Rios, W., Feldpausch, T. R., Fenton, N. J., Garnier, E., Guerin, G. R., Gutierrez, A. G., Haider, S., Hattab, T., Henry, G., Herault, B., Higuchi, P., Holzel, N., Homeier, J., Jentsch, A., Jurgens, N., Kacki, Z., Karger, D. N., Kessler, M., Kleyer, M., Knollova, I., Korolyuk, A. Y., Kühn, I., Laughlin, D. C., Lens, F., Loos, J., Louault, F., Lyubenova, M. I., Malhi, Y., Marceno, C., Mencuccini, M., Muller, J. V., Munzinger, J., Myers-Smith, I. H., Neill, D. A., Niinemets, U., Orwin, K. H., Ozinga, W. A., Penuelas, J., Perez-Haase, A., Petrik, P., Phillips, O. L., Partel, M., Reich, P. B., Römermann, C., Rodrigues, A. V., Sabatini, F. M., Sardans, J., Schmidt, M., Seidler, G., Espejo, J. E. S., Silveira, M., Smyth, A., Sporbert, M., Svenning, J. C., Tang, Z. Y., Thomas, R., Tsiripidis, I., Vassilev, K., Violle, C., Virtanen, R., Weiher, E., Welk, E., Wesche, K., Winter, M., Wirth, C., Jandt, U.

(2018): Global trait-environment relationships of plant communities. Nature Ecology & Evolution 2(12), 1906-17

Huang, Y., Chen, Y., Castro-Izaguirre, N., Baruffol, M., Brezzi, M., Lang, A. N., Li, Y., Hardtle, W., Oheimb, G., Yang, X., Liu, X., Pei, K., Both, S., Yang, B., Eichenberg, D., Assmann, T., Bauhus, J., Behrens, T., Buscot, F., Chen, X. Y., Chesters, D., Ding, B. Y., Durka, W., Erfmeier, A., Fang, J., Fischer, M., Guo, L. D., Guo, D., Gutknecht, J. L. M., He, J. S., He, C. L., Hector, A., Hoenig, L., Hu, R. Y., Klein, A. M., Kuehn, P., Liang, Y., Li, S., Michalski, S., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schmidt, K., Scholten, T., Schuldt, A., Shi, X., Tan, M. Z., Tang, Z., Trogisch, S., Wang, Z., Welk, E., Wirth, C., Wubet, T., Xiang, W., Yu, M., Yu, X. D., Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Zhang, N., Zhou, H. Z., Zhu, C. D., Zhu, L., Bruelheide, H., Ma, K., Niklaus, P. A., Schmid, B.

(2018): Impacts of species richness on productivity in a large-scale subtropical forest experiment. Science 362(6410)

Ledo, A., Paul, K. I., Burslem, D., Ewel, J. J., Barton, C., Battaglia, M., Brooksbank, K., Carter, J., Eid, T. H., England, J. R., Fitzgerald, A., Jonson, J., Mencuccini, M., Montagu, K. D., Montero, G., Mugasha, W. A., Pinkard, E., Roxburgh, S., Ryan, C. M., Ruiz-Peinado, R., Sochacki, S., Specht, A., Wildy, D., Wirth, C., Zerihun, A., Chave, J.

(2018): Tree size and climatic water deficit control root to shoot ratio in individual trees globally. New Phytologist 217(1), 8-11

Magnabosco Marra, D., Trumbore, S. E., Higuchi, N., Ribeiro, G. H. P. M., Negrón-Juárez, R. I., Holzwarth, F., Rifai, S. W., dos Santos, J., Lima, A. J. N., Kinupp, V. F., Chambers, J. Q., Wirth, C.

(2018): Windthrows control biomass patterns and functional composition of Amazon forests. Global Change Biology 24(12), 5867-81

Marra, D. M., Trumbore, S. E., Higuchi, N., Ribeiro, G., Negron-Juarez, R. I., Holzwarth, F., Rifai, S. W., dos Santos, J., Lima, A. J. N., Kinupp, V. F., Chambers, J. Q., Wirth, C.

(2018): Windthrows control biomass patterns and functional composition of Amazon forests. Global Change Biology 24(12), 5867-81

Pietsch, K. A., Eichenberg, D., Nadrowski, K., Bauhus, J., Buscot, F., Purahong, W., Wipfler, B., Wubet, T., Yu, M., Wirth, C.

(2018): Wood decomposition is more strongly controlled by temperature than by tree species and decomposer diversity in highly species rich subtropical forests. Oikos 128(5), 701-15

Rüger, N., Comita, L. S., Condit, R., Purves, D., Rosenbaum, B., Visser, M. D., Joseph, W. S., Wirth, C.

(2018): Beyond the fast–slow continuum: demographic dimensions structuring a tropical tree community. Ecology Letters 21(7), 1075-84

Schuldt, A., Assmann, T., Brezzi, M., Buscot, F., Eichenberg, D., Gutknecht, J., Härdtle, W., He, J.-S., Klein, A.-M., Kühn, P., Liu, X., Ma, K., Niklaus, P. A., Pietsch, K. A., Purahong, W., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schmid, B., Scholten, T., Staab, M., Tang, Z., Trogisch, S., von Oheimb, G., Wirth, C., Wubet, T., Zhu, C.-D., Bruelheide, H.

(2018): Biodiversity across trophic levels drives multifunctionality in highly diverse forests. Nature Communications 9, 2989

van der Plas, F., Ratcliffe, S., Ruiz-Benito, P., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Verheyen, K., Wirth, C., Zavala, M. A., Ampoorter, E., Baeten, L., Barbaro, L., Bastias, C. C., Bauhus, J., Benavides, R., Benneter, A., Bonal, D., Bouriaud, O., Bruelheide, H., Bussotti, F., Carnol, M., Castagneyrol, B., Charbonnier, Y., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Dahlgren, J., Checko, E., Coppi, A., Dawud, S. M., Deconchat, M., De Smedt, P., De Wandeler, H., Domisch, T., Finér, L., Fotelli, M., Gessler, A., Granier, A., Grossiord, C., Guyot, V., Haase, J., Hättenschwiler, S., Jactel, H., Jaroszewicz, B., Joly, F.-X., Jucker, T., Kambach, S., Kaendler, G., Kattge, J., Koricheva, J., Kunstler, G., Lehtonen, A., Liebergesell, M., et al.

(2018): Continental mapping of forest ecosystem functions reveals a high but unrealised potential for forest multifunctionality. Ecology Letters 21(1), 31-42

Chen, H., Oram, N. J., Barry, K. E., Mommer, L., van Ruijven, J., de Kroon, H., Ebeling, A., Eisenhauer, N., Fischer, C., Gleixner, G., Gessler, A., González Macé, O., Hacker, N., Hildebrandt, A., Lange, M., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Scheu, S., Oelmann, Y., Wagg, C., Wilcke, W., Wirth, C., Weigelt, A.

(2017): Root chemistry and soil fauna, but not soil abiotic conditions explain the effects of plant diversity on root decomposition. Oecologia 185(3), 499-511

Ferlian, O., Wirth, C., Eisenhauer, N.

(2017): Leaf and root C-to-N ratios are poor predictors of soil microbial biomass C and respiration across 32 tree species. Pedobiologia 65, 1623

Madrigal-González, J., Ruiz-Benito, P., Ratcliffe, S., Rigling, A., Wirth, C., Zimmermann, N. E., Zweifel, R., Zavala, M. A.

(2017): Competition Drives Oak Species Distribution and Functioning in Europe: Implications Under Global Change. In: E. Gil-Pelegrín, J. J. Peguero-Pina, D. Sancho-Knapik (Eds.) Oaks Physiological Ecology. Exploring the Functional Diversity of Genus Quercus L. Springer International Publishing, Cham, p. 513-38

Ohse, B., Seele, C., Holzwarth, F., Wirth, C.

(2017): Different facets of tree sapling diversity influence browsing intensity by deer dependent on spatial scale. Ecology and Evolution 7(17), 6779-89

Purahong, W., Pietsch, K. A., Lentendu, G., Schöps, R., Bruelheide, H., Wirth, C., Buscot, F., Wubet, T.

(2017): Characterization of Unexplored Deadwood Mycobiome in Highly Diverse Subtropical Forests Using Culture-independent Molecular Technique. Frontiers in Microbiology 8(574)

Ratcliffe, S., Wirth, C., Jucker, T., van der Plas, F., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Verheyen, K., Allan, E., Benavides, R., Bruelheide, H., Ohse, B., Paquette, A., Ampoorter, E., Bastias, C. C., Bauhus, J., Bonal, D., Bouriaud, O., Bussotti, F., Carnol, M., Castagneyrol, B., Chećko, E., Dawud, S. M., Wandeler, H. D., Domisch, T., Finér, L., Fischer, M., Fotelli, M., Gessler, A., Granier, A., Grossiord, C., Guyot, V., Haase, J., Hättenschwiler, S., Jactel, H., Jaroszewicz, B., Joly, F.-X., Kambach, S., Kolb, S., Koricheva, J., Liebersgesell, M., Milligan, H., Müller, S., Muys, B., Nguyen, D., Nock, C., Pollastrini, M., Purschke, O., et al.

(2017): Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relations in European forests depend on environmental context. Ecology Letters 20(11), 1414-26

Ruiz-Benito, P., Ratcliffe, S., Jump, A. S., Gómez-Aparicio, L., Madrigal-González, J., Wirth, C., Kändler, G., Lehtonen, A., Dahlgren, J., Kattge, J., Zavala, M. A.

(2017): Functional diversity underlies demographic responses to environmental variation in European forests. Global Ecology and Biogeography 26(2), 128-41

Ruiz-Benito, P., Ratcliffe, S., Zavala, M. A., Martinez-Vilalta, J., Vila-Cabrera, A., Lloret, F., Madrigal-Gonzalez, J., Wirth, C., Greenwood, S., Kandler, G., Lehtonen, A., Kattge, J., Dahlgren, J., Jump, A. S.

(2017): Climate- and successional-related changes in functional composition of European forests are strongly driven by tree mortality. Global Change Biology 23(10), 4162-76

Scholten, T., Goebes, P., Kühn, P., Seitz, S., Assmann, T., Bauhus, J., Bruelheide, H., Buscot, F., Erfmeier, A., Fischer, M., Härdtle, W., He, J.-S., Ma, K., Niklaus, P. A., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schmid, B., Shi, X., Song, Z., von Oheimb, G., Wirth, C., Wubet, T., Schmidt, K.

(2017): On the combined effect of soil fertility and topography on tree growth in subtropical forest ecosystems—a study from SE China. Journal of Plant Ecology 10(1), 111-27

Schuldt, A., Bruelheide, H., Buscot, F., Assmann, T., Erfmeier, A., Klein, A.-M., Ma, K., Scholten, T., Staab, M., Wirth, C., Zhang, J., Wubet, T.

(2017): Belowground top-down and aboveground bottom-up effects structure multitrophic community relationships in a biodiverse forest. Scientific Reports 7(1), 4222

Weisser, W. W., Roscher, C., Meyer, S., Ebeling, A., Luo, G., Allan, E., Beßler, H., Barnard, R., Buchmann, N., Buscot, F., Engels, C., Fischer, C., Fischer, M., Gessler, A., Gleixner, G., Halle, S., Hildebrandt, A., Hillebrand, H., de Kroon, H., Lange, M., Leimer, S., Le Roux, X., Milcu, A., Mommer, L., Niklaus, P., Oelmann, Y., Proulx, R., Roy, J., Scherber, C., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Scheu, S., Tscharntke, T., Wachendorf, M., Wagg, C., Weigelt, A., Wilcke, W., Wirth, C., Schulze, E.-D., Schmid, B., Eisenhauer, N.

(2017): Biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning in a 15-year grassland experiment: patterns, mechanisms, and open questions. Basic and Applied Ecology 23, 1-73

Baber, K., Otto, P., Kahl, T., Gossner, M. M., Wirth, C., Gminder, A., Bässler, C.

(2016): Disentangling the effects of forest-stand type and dead-wood origin of the early successional stage on the diversity of wood-inhabiting fungi. Forest Ecology and Management 377, 161-69

Chen, H., Mommer, L., van Ruijven, J., de Kroon, H., Fischer, C., Gessler, A., Hildebrandt, A., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Wirth, C., Weigelt, A.

(2016): Plant species richness negatively affects root decomposition in grasslands. Journal of Ecology 105(1), 209-18

Díaz, S., Kattge, J., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Wright, I. J., Lavorel, S., Dray, S., Reu, B., Kleyer, M., Wirth, C., Colin Prentice, I., Garnier, E., Bönisch, G., Westoby, M., Poorter, H., Reich, P. B., Moles, A. T., Dickie, J., Gillison, A. N., Zanne, A. E., Chave, J., Joseph Wright, S., Sheremet’ev, S. N., Jactel, H., Baraloto, C., Cerabolini, B., Pierce, S., Shipley, B., Kirkup, D., Casanoves, F., Joswig, J. S., Günther, A., Falczuk, V., Rüger, N., Mahecha, M. D., Gorné, L. D.

(2016): The global spectrum of plant form and function. Nature 529(7585), 167-71

Jucker, T., Caspersen, J., Chave, J., Antin, C., Barbier, N., Bongers, F., Dalponte, M., van Ewijk, K. Y., Forrester, D. I., Haeni, M., Higgins, S. I., Holdaway, R. J., Iida, Y., Lorimer, C., Marshall, P. L., Momo, S., Moncrieff, G. R., Ploton, P., Poorter, L., Rahman, K. A., Schlund, M., Sonké, B., Sterck, F. J., Trugman, A. T., Usoltsev, V. A., Vanderwel, M. C., Waldner, P., Wedeux, B. M. M., Wirth, C., et al.

(2016): Allometric equations for integrating remote sensing imagery into forest monitoring programmes. Global Change Biology 23(1), 177-90

Kunstler, G., Falster, D., Coomes, D. A., Hui, F., Kooyman, R. M., Laughlin, D. C., Poorter, L., Vanderwel, M., Vieilledent, G., Wright, S. J., Aiba, M., Baraloto, C., Caspersen, J., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Gourlet-Fleury, S., Hanewinkel, M., Herault, B., Kattge, J., Kurokawa, H., Onoda, Y., Peñuelas, J., Poorter, H., Uriarte, M., Richardson, S., Ruiz-Benito, P., Sun, I. F., Ståhl, G., Swenson, N. G., Thompson, J., Westerlund, B., Wirth, C., et al.

(2016): Plant functional traits have globally consistent effects on competition. Nature 529(7585), 204-07

Leimer, S., Oelmann, Y., Eisenhauer, N., Milcu, A., Roscher, C., Scheu, S., Weigelt, A., Wirth, C., Wilcke, W.

(2016): Mechanisms behind plant diversity effects on inorganic and organic N leaching from temperate grassland. Biogeochemistry 131(3), 339-53

Liebergesell, M., Reu, B., Stahl, U., Freiberg, M., Welk, E., Kattge, J., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Penuelas, J., Wirth, C.

(2016): Functional Resilience against Climate-Driven Extinctions - Comparing the Functional Diversity of European and North American Tree Floras. Plos One 11(2), e0148607

Madrigal-González, J., Ruiz-Benito, P., Ratcliffe, S., Calatayud, J., Kändler, G., Lehtonen, A., Dahlgren, J., Wirth, C., Zavala, M. A.

(2016): Complementarity effects on tree growth are contingent on tree size and climatic conditions across Europe. Scientific Reports 6(32233)

Marra, D. M., Higuchi, N., Trumbore, S. E., Ribeiro, G. H. P. M., dos Santos, J., Carneiro, V. M. C., Lima, A. J. N., Chambers, J. Q., Negron-Juarez, R. I., Holzwarth, F., Reu, B., Wirth, C.

(2016): Predicting biomass of hyperdiverse and structurally complex central Amazonian forests - a virtual approach using extensive field data. Biogeosciences 13(5), 1553-70

Musavi, T., Migliavacca, M., van de Weg, M. J., Kattge, J., Wohlfahrt, G., van Bodegom, P. M., Reichstein, M., Bahn, M., ..., Wirth, C., Mahecha, M. D.

(2016): Potential and limitations of inferring ecosystem photosynthetic capacity from leaf functional traits. Ecology and Evolution 6(20), 7352-66

Ratcliffe, S., Liebergesell, M., Ruiz-Benito, P., Gonzalez, J. M., Castaneda, J. M. M., Kandler, G., Lehtonen, A., Dahlgren, J., Kattge, J., Penuelas, J., Zavala, M. A., Wirth, C.

(2016): Modes of functional biodiversity control on tree productivity across the European continent. Global Ecology and Biogeography 25(3), 251-62

Richter, R., Reu, B., Wirth, C., Doktor, D., Vohland, M.

(2016): The use of airborne hyperspectral data for tree species classification in a species-rich Central European forest area. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 52, 464-74

Schroeder-Georgi, T., Wirth, C., Nadrowski, K., Meyer, S. T., Mommer, L., Weigelt, A.

(2016): From pots to plots: hierarchical trait-based prediction of plant performance in a mesic grassland. Journal of Ecology 104(1), 206-18

Tautenhahn, S., Lichstein, J. W., Jung, M., Kattge, J., Bohlman, S. A., Heilmeier, H., Prokushkin, A., Kahl, A., Wirth, C.

(2016): Dispersal limitation drives successional pathways in Central Siberian forests under current and intensified fire regimes. Global Change Biology 22(6), 2178-97

van der Plas, F., Manning, P., Allan, E., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Verheyen, K., Wirth, C., Zavala, M. A., Hector, A., Ampoorter, E., Baeten, L., Barbaro, L., Bauhus, J., Benavides, R., Benneter, A., Berthold, F., Bonal, D., Bouriaud, O., Bruelheide, H., et al.

(2016): Jack-of-all-trades effects drive biodiversity-ecosystem multifunctionality relationships in European forests. Nature Communications 7, 11109

van der Plas, F., Manning, P., Soliveres, S., Allan, E., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Verheyen, K., Wirth, C., Zavala, M. A., Ampoorter, E., Baeten, L., Barbaro, L., Bauhus, J., Benavides, R., Benneter, A., Bonal, D., Bouriaud, O., Bruelheide, H., et al.

(2016): Biotic homogenization can decrease landscape-scale forest multifunctionality. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113(13), 3557-62

Bouriaud, O., Teodosiu, M., Kirdyanov, A. V., Wirth, C.

(2015): Influence of wood density in tree-ring based annual productivity assessments and its errors in Norway spruce. Biogeosciences Discussion Paper 12(8), 5871-5905

Holzwarth, F., Rüger, N., Wirth, C.

(2015): Taking a closer look: disentangling effects of functional diversity on ecosystem functions with a trait-based model across hierarchy and time. Royal Society Open Science 2, 140541

Kahl, T., Baber, K., Otto, P., Wirth, C., Bauhus, J.

(2015): Drivers of CO2 Emission Rates from Dead Wood Logs of 13 Tree Species in the Initial Decomposition Phase. Forests 6(7), 2484-2504

Kröber, W., Li, Y., Haerdtle, W., Ma, K., Schmid, B., Schmidt, K., Scholten, T., Seidler, G., von Oheimb, G., Welk, E., Wirth, C., Bruelheide, H.

(2015): Early subtropical forest growth is driven by community mean trait values and functional diversity rather than the abiotic environment. Ecology and Evolution 5(17), 3541-56

Leimer, S., Oelmann, Y., Wirth, C., Wilcke, W.

(2015): Time matters for plant diversity effects on nitrate leaching from temperate grassland. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 211, 155-63

Musavi, T., Mahecha, M. D., Migliavacca, M., Reichstein, M., van de Weg, M. J., van Bodegom, P. M., Bahn, M., Wirth, C., Reich, P. B., Schrodt, F., Kattge, J.

(2015): The imprint of plants on ecosystem functioning: A data-driven approach. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 43, 119-31

Ratcliffe, S., Holzwarth, F., Nadrowski, K., Levick, S., Wirth, C.

(2015): Tree neighbourhood matters - Tree species composition drives diversity-productivity patterns in a near-natural beech forest. Forest Ecology and Management 335, 225-34

Schrodt, F., Kattge, J., Shan, H., Fazayeli, F., Joswig, J., Banerjee, A., Reichstein, M., Bönisch, G., Díaz, S., Dickie, J., Gillison, A., Karpatne, A., Lavorel, S., Leadley, P., Wirth, C. B., et al.

(2015): BHPMF – a hierarchical Bayesian approach to gap-filling and trait prediction for macroecology and functional biogeography. Global Ecology and Biogeography 24(12), 1510-21

Schuldt, A., Wubet, T., Buscot, F., Staab, M., Assmann, T., Bohnke-Kammerlander, M., Both, S., Erfmeier, A., Klein, A.-M., Ma, K., Pietsch, K., Schultze, S., Wirth, C., Zhang, J., Zumstein, P., Bruelheide, H.

(2015): Multitrophic diversity in a biodiverse forest is highly nonlinear across spatial scales. Nature Communications 6, 10169

Wilhelm, C., Wirth, C.

(2015): Physiodiversity – New tools allow physiologist to embrace biodiversity and reconstruct the evolution of ‘physiologies’?. Journal of Plant Physiology 172, 1-3

Böhnke, M., Kröber, W., Welk, E., Wirth, C., Bruelheide, H., Kühn, I.

(2014): Maintenance of constant functional diversity during secondary succession of a subtropical forest in China. Journal of Vegetation Science 25(3), 897-911

Bruelheide, H., Nadrowski, K., Assmann, T., Bauhus, J., Both, S., Buscot, F., Chen, X.-Y., Ding, B., Durka, W., Erfmeier, A., Gutknecht, J. L. M., Guo, D., Guo, L.-D., Härdtle, W., He, J.-S., Klein, A.-M., Kühn, P., Liang, Y., Liu, X., Michalski, S., Niklaus, P. A., Pei, K., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Scholten, T., Schuldt, A., Seidler, G., Trogisch, S., von Oheimb, G., Welk, E., Wirth, C., Wubet, T., et al.

(2014): Designing forest biodiversity experiments: general considerations illustrated by a new large experiment in subtropical China. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5(1), 74-89

Kattge, J., Diaz, S., Wirth, C.

(2014): Of carrots and sticks. Nature Geoscience 7(11), 778-79

Marra, D. M., Chambers, J. Q., Higuchi, N., Trumbore, S. E., Ribeiro, G., dos Santos, J., Negron-Juarez, R. I., Reu, B., Wirth, C.

(2014): Large-Scale Wind Disturbances Promote Tree Diversity in a Central Amazon Forest. PLoS ONE 9(8), 16

Nadrowski, K., Pietsch, K., Baruffol, M., Both, S., Gutknecht, J., Bruelheide, H., Heklau, H., Kahl, A., Kahl, T., Niklaus, P., Kröber, W., Liu, X., Mi, X., Michalski, S., von Oheimb, G., Purschke, O., Schmid, B., Fang, T., Welk, E., Wirth, C.

(2014): Tree Species Traits but Not Diversity Mitigate Stem Breakage in a Subtropical Forest following a Rare and Extreme Ice Storm. PLoS ONE 9(5), e96022

Pietsch, K. A., Ogle, K., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Cornwell, W. K., Bonisch, G., Craine, J. M., Jackson, B. G., Kattge, J., Peltzer, D. A., Penuelas, J., Reich, P. B., Wardle, D. A., Weedon, J. T., Wright, I. J., Zanne, A. E., Wirth, C.

(2014): Global relationship of wood and leaf litter decomposability: the role of functional traits within and across plant organs. Global Ecology and Biogeography 23(9), 1046-57

Ravenek, J. M., Bessler, H., Engels, C., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Gessler, A., Gockele, A., De Luca, E., Temperton, V. M., Ebeling, A., Roscher, C., Schmid, B., Weisser, W. W., Wirth, C., de Kroon, H., Weigelt, A., Mommer, L.

(2014): Long-term study of root biomass in a biodiversity experiment reveals shifts in diversity effects over time. Oikos 123(12), 1528-36

Ruiz-Benito, P., Madrigal-Gonzalez, J., Ratcliffe, S., Coomes, D. A., Kaendler, G., Lehtonen, A., Wirth, C., Zavala, M. A.

(2014): Stand Structure and Recent Climate Change Constrain Stand Basal Area Change in European Forests: A Comparison Across Boreal, Temperate, and Mediterranean Biomes. Ecosystems 17(8), 1439-54

Seiferling, I., Proulx, R., Wirth, C.

(2014): Disentangling the environmental-heterogeneity species-diversity relationship along a gradient of human footprint. Ecology 95(8), 2084-95

Stahl, U., Reu, B., Wirth, C.

(2014): Predicting species' range limits from functional traits for the tree flora of North America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(38), 13739-44

Baeten, L., Verheyen, K., Wirth, C., Bruelheide, H., Bussotti, F., Finér, L., Jaroszewicz, B., Selvi, F., Valladares, F., Allan, E., Ampoorter, E., Auge, H., et al.

(2013): A novel comparative research platform designed to determine the functional significance of tree species diversity in European forests. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 15(5), 281-91

Grote, S., Condit, R., Hubbell, S., Wirth, C., Rüger, N.

(2013): Response of Demographic Rates of Tropical Trees to Light Availability: Can Position-Based Competition Indices Replace Information from Canopy Census Data?. PLoS ONE 8(12), 14

Stahl, U., Kattge, J., Reu, B., Voigt, W., Ogle, K., Dickie, J., Wirth, C.

(2013): Whole-plant trait spectra of North American woody plant species reflect fundamental ecological strategies. Ecosphere 4(10), art128
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