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Interactions and scientific involvement of iDiv visiting scientists are central mechanisms which contribute to iDiv’s mission to be a leading biodiversity research centre. iDiv sabbatical researchers play an important role in contributing to the iDiv mission through their intellectual and social interactions, in which they share their vision, experience and passion for biodiversity research.
The next iDiv Sabbatical Call will be launched in October/November 2022.
Current iDiv Sabbatical Fellows
Hosted by Tiffany Knight
Ecological networks along altitudinal gradients in the Páramos in Venezuela
The plant reproductive ecology and plant-animal interactions are considered variables very sensitive to be affected by climatic changes. The plant-pollinator networks in Tropical Mountain from Venezuela could be very sensitive to the loss of component species because of their low nestedness, high levels of specialisation, endemism and functional complementarity. However, there are still large information gaps that need to be explored, for example, what processes are related to the network structures of these environments? The aims of my sabbatical stay are: i) to design an additional sampling of variables for plants and pollinators, for the phenology and pollination monitoring protocol of the GLORIA-Andes summits. ii) To apply these new measurements in the re-monitoring that must be carried out in the year 2023. iii) Analyze the available data on pollinators in elevational gradients on a global scale and analyze their structural patterns, with Prof Knight's team.
Hosted by Karin Frank, Aletta Bonn, Marten Winter, Christian Kuhlicke, Henrique Pereira
Governing biodiversity across space: Discovering principles of sustainability and equity for telecoupled social environmental systems
Socio-ecological systems are connected across space via telecouplings, such that social and ecological processes in one place affect biodiversity and human society in other parts of the globe. While we now have the scientific tools to recognize and quantify these connections, there is a critical need to create (and strengthen existing) governance systems that link ecological and societal outcomes in one location with management in other locations. Further, recent evidence suggests that over the long-term, ecologically-sustainable governance systems are also societally-equitable. My proposed sabbatical research at iDiv addresses this critical need through two specific aims:
AIM 1: Identify principles for equity and sustainability in the telecoupled governance of migratory species, by expanding my current research from North America with European case studies.
AIM 2: Identify generalizable principles for the design of sustainable and equitable telecoupled governance systems through synthesis of research findings with iDiv colleagues.
Hosted by Stan Harpole, Ulrich Brose and Helmut Hillebrand
Structured Population Dynamics Subject to Stoichiometric Constraints
Mathematically modeling essential elements and their interactions is one of the best tools we have to better understand our world. Ecological processes are naturally structured and depend on the flow and balance of essential elements such as carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus. Food webs are structured networks of interacting trophic levels and organisms go through structured life stages. Throughout my sabbatical, I propose to theoretically explore ecological structures subject to stoichiometric constraints by integrating the field of structured population modeling with the theory of Ecological Stoichiometry. My collaborators and I will develop novel mathematical models that investigate how varying nutrient and light levels shape ecological structures and promote biodiversity, using dynamical systems theory to construct and analyze systems of differential equations. This research will yield new applications in theoretical ecology, strengthening its predictive power. Expected outcomes include at least two publications, computational codes for a public repository, and the initiation of new collaborations.
Future iDiv Sabbatical Fellows
Hosted by Martin Quaas, Nadja Rüger, Christian Wirth, Andreas Huth and Andreas Sickert
Economics and optimal management strategies for biodiverse forests
Increasingly, forest managers, society, and policy makers pay attention to the multifunctionality of forests. The supply of multiple forest services to society depends on management choices and trade-offs between wood, carbon storage and biodiversity conservation and call for multidisciplinary system perspective and optimized forest management strategies. The sabbatical project builds on my extensive work in rigorous economic optimization of forestry and with its strong economic-ecological basis, multidisciplinarity and newest advance in solving complex large-scale optimization problems by machine learning methods it will contribute to iDiv research in this important field. In turn, I will greatly benefit from collaboration with iDiv’s experts in forest modeling, ecosystem multifunctionality, ecosystem services and -valuation, forestry, and biodiversity economics. The project will contribute to the ongoing public debate on forest policy-making in Germany and Europe. iDiv lectures will cover integrated economic-ecological modeling and applications to multifunctional forestry.
Hosted by Tiffany Knight
Meta-networks of species diversity and community pollination in the Andes of Colombia
The sabbatical is a very valuable opportunity to train myself in statistical analysis on several aspects of my own data of pollination networks in Andean forest. I expect to share with Prof Tiffany Knight and her team during the stay, to discuss about the optimal method to analyze the data and about the interpretation of results. The main goal of the research is to evaluate to what extent local networks in an Andean forest present a metanetwork structure and identify the combination of functional traits of the plant and insect species participating in central interactions (forming the metanetwork core). The expected products of sabbatical are 1) writing a journal article with the working group of Prof Knight about pollination metanetwoks in Andean forest and 2) processing an inter-institutional agreement to facilitate access to research fund calls and mobility of researchers and students among both institutions.
Hosted by Sonja Knapp, Marten Winter, Christine Fürst, Carsten Meyer, Aletta Bonn
The Role of Historical and Contemporary Socioeconomic, Racial, and Cultural Segregation in Structuring the Spatial Distribution of Nature and Biodiversity in Cities
The proposed sabbatical project will address how the social geography of cities, as shaped by historical and contemporary dynamics of culture, race, ethnicity, socioeconomics, and migration, influences the biogeography of nature and biodiversity in cities. This research will advance understanding of urban socio-ecological systems by more deeply integrating social and cultural processes into a global comparative analysis of cities. The project will develop new collaborations with a number of iDiv researchers, produce coauthored articles, and a book for a broader public. More broadly, the sabbatical will help me learn from the expertise and experience of my hosts and other iDiv scholars to both broaden and deepen the scope of my research and the book now in development. In addition to immersing in the scholarly discourse at iDiv, I will offer lectures, courses/workshops, co-organize conference sessions, and develop a Study Abroad course for North Carolina State University and iDiv students.
Past iDiv Sabbatical Fellows
Prof Priyanga Amarasekare (University of California Los Angeles)
A framework for biodiversity maintenance: scaling up from modules to communities
Prof Stephanie Bohlman (University of Florida)
Linking biodiversity and demography through remote sensing of trait tradeoffs
|Prof Cynthia Chang (University of Washington)||Placing ecological succession in applied global change and restoration context||2022|
Prof Douglas Chesters (Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Phylogenetic integration of insect community data
Prof David Currie (University of Ottawa)
A continental theory of biogeography: predicting geographic variation in species richness and range size
Prof Rodolfo Dirzo (Stanford University)
Research on plant-herbivore interactions under climate change and collaborations on biodiversity science
Prof Robert Dunn (NC State University)
The Global Biogeography of Microbes and Mutualists Associated with Humans
Prof Lenore Fahrig (Carleton University)
Dissecting SLOSS: Why are there more species in several small than few large patches?
Prof Benjamin Gilbert (University of Toronto)
Project 1 – Neutrality, Demographic stochasticity and ecological drift
Project 2 – Local interactions, Regional constraints, and multiple stable states
Prof Angélica González (Rutgers University)
Understanding the interactive effects of temperature and nutrients on ecological processes: a meta-analysis
|Prof Erik Hom (University of Mississippi)||Of Sloths and Franken-Lichens: Elucidating the Biodiversity, Chemical Ecology, and Physiology of Algal Polycultures||2021|
Prof Christopher Klausmeier (Michigan State University)
Synthesizing Trait-Based Ecological Theory
Prof Jeremy Lichstein (University of Florida)
Plant functional diversity and forest ecosystem stability: insights from dynamic vegetation models
Prof Elena Litchman (Michigan State University)
Trait-based community patterns in microbes
Fernando T. Maestre (Universidad Rey Juan Carlos)
Climate change impacts on dryland soil biodiversity and associated ecosystem functions from local to global scales
Prof George Perry (University of Auckland)
Reconstructing movement and emergent ecological functions for extinct animals
Prof Malin Pinski (Rutgers University)
Community response to changing temperatures across marine, freshwater, and terrestrial realms
Prof Patti Vitt (Chicago Botanic Garden)
Phylogenetic Endemism, Functional Trait Diversity and Conservation Status in the Orchidaceae: a Global Synthesis