Dr Carlos António Guerra


Curriculum Vitae



Co-lead of the Global Soil Biodiversity Observation Network

Group on Earth Observations - Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON)


Post-Doc Researcher

Institute of Biology, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg / German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig



Group on Earth Observations - Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON)


PhD Researcher

Institute of Mediterranean Agricultural and Environmental Sciences


Research Fellow

Sustainability Assessment Unit / Joint Research Center - European Commission


Lead Researcher

GeoLab / Fundação Fernão Magalhães para o Desenvolvimento


Landscape conservation manager

Protected Wetland Area of Bertiandos e São Pedro D’Arcos



Secondary School of Ponte de Lima



Agrarian Superior School | Polytechnic Institute of Viana do Castelo


Research Fellow

Polytechnic Institute of Viana do Castelo


Research Fellow

Hydrobiology Laboratory of the University of Santiago de Compostela

Publications before iDiv


1. Vicente, J., Alagador, D., Guerra, C.A., Alonso, J., Christoph, K., Vaz, A., Fernandes, R., Cabral, J., Araújo, M., Honrado, J., 2016. Effective and cost-efficient monitoring of biological invasions under global change: A model-based framework. Journal of Applied Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12631

2. Pinto-Correia, T., Guiomar, N., Guerra, C.A., Carvalho-Ribeiro, S., 2016. Assessing the ability of rural areas to fulfill multiple societal demands. Land use policy 53: 86–96.

3. Guerra, C.A., Maes, J., Geijzendorffer, I., Metzger, M.J., 2016. An assessment of soil erosion prevention by vegetation in Mediterranean Europe: Current trends of ecosystem service provision. Ecological Indicators 60, 213–222. DOI:10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.06.043

4. Guerra, C.A., Metzger, M.J., Maes, J., Pinto-Correia, T., 2016. Policy impacts on regulating ecosystem services: looking at the implications of 60 years of landscape change on soil erosion prevention in a Mediterranean silvo-pastoral system. Landscape Ecology DOI:10.1007/s10980-015-0241-1

5. Guerra, C.A., Pinto-Correia, T., 2015. Linking farm management and ecosystem service provision: challenges and opportunities for soil erosion prevention in Mediterranean silvo-pastoral systems. Land Use Policy. DOI:10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.10.028

6. Lomba, A., Guerra, C.A., Alonso, J., Jongman, R., McCracken, D., 2014. Mapping and monitoring High Nature Value farmlands: challenges in European landscapes. Journal of Environmental Management, 143C, DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.04.029

7. Guerra, C.A., Pinto-Correia, T., Metzger, M.J., 2014. Mapping soil erosion prevention using an ecosystem service modelling framework for integrated land management and policy. Ecosystems. DOI:10.1007/s10021-014-9766-4

8. Almeida, M., Guerra, C.A., Pinto-Correia, T., 2013. Developing methodological approaches to build indicator sets able to measure the effects of policies in rural areas - Case study in Alentejo, South Portugal. Danish Journal of Geography. DOI: 10.1080/00167223.2013.848611

9. Guerra, C.A., Metzger, M.J., Honrado, J., Alonso, J., 2013. A spatially explicit methodology for a priori estimation of field survey effort in environmental observation networks. International Journal of Geographical Information Science. DOI:10.1080/13658816. 2013.805760

10. Ortega, M., Guerra, C.A., Honrado, J.P., Metzger, M.J., Bunce, R.G.H., Jongman, R.H.G., 2013. Surveillance of habitats and plant diversity indicators across a regional gradient. Ecological Indicators, 33, 36-44 pp. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.12.004

11. Bastos, R., Santos, M., Ramos, J., Vicente, J., Guerra, C.A., Alonso, J., Honrado, J., Ceia, R., Timóteo, S., Cabral, J., 2012. Testing a novel spatially-explicit dynamic modelling approach in the scope of the laurel forest management for the endangered Azores bullfinch (Pyrrhula murina) conservation. Biological Conservation, 147(1), 243-259 pp. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2012.01.009

12. Guerra, C.A., Castro, P., Honrado, J., Bunce, B., Jongman, R., Alonso, J., 2010. The Rationale behind the Biodiversity Information System for North Portugal: The Path for a Strategic and Collaborative Biodiversity Information System. Earthzine: fostering Earth observation & global Awareness, IEEE, ICEO, S & Peter Inc.

13. Vicente, J., Honrado, J., Guerra, C.A., Gonçalves, J., Vaz, A., Araújo, M., Alagador, D., Henriques, R., Alonso, J., Marchante, E., Marchante, H., Canning-Clode, J., Rodrigues, A., Capinha, C., Nourisson, C., Bastos, R., Cabral, J., Santos, M., 2017. 3.1. Previsão e avaliação do risco associado às invasões biológicas. in Vicente, J., Honrado, J., Queiroz, A., Silva, L., Marchante, E. (Eds.) Invasões Biológicas em Portugal.

14. Santos, M., Bastos, R., Vicente, J., Berger, U., Soares Filho, B.S., Rodrigues, H., Alonso, J., Guerra, C.A., Martins, J., Honrado, J., Cabral, J.A., 2015. Anticipating Invasions and Managing Impacts: A Review of Recent Spatiotemporal Modelling Approaches, in Canning-Clode, J., 2015. Biological Invasions in Changing Ecosystems: Vectors, Ecological Impacts, Management and Predictions, De Gruyter Open, Berlin, 488 pp.

15. Costa, F., Marques, A., Arnaud-Fassetta, G., Alonso, J., Martins, I., Guerra, C.A., 2013. Methodological deepening for flood-risk analysis in cross-border regions: a case study for the Lima catchment (NW Spain/Portugal) according to the implementation of the European Water Framework Directive.125-136 pp.. in Arnaud-Fassetta, G., Masson, E., & Reynard, E., European Continental Hydrosystems under Changing Water Policy, Friedrich Pfeil Verlag, München, 344 pp.

16. Honrado J.P., Alonso J., Lomba A., Gonçalves J., Pinto A.T., Ribeiro S.C., Guerra C.A., Almeida R., Alves H.N., 2011. Ecologia, diversidade e dinâmicas recentes dos ecossistemas florestais nas paisagens do Norte de Portugal. In Tereso JP, Honrado JP, Pinto AT, Rego FC (Eds.) Florestas do Norte de Portugal: História, Ecologia e Desafios de Gestão. InBio - Rede de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Biologia Evolutiva. Porto. ISBN: 978-989- 97418-1-2. Pp 118-168.

17. Ribeiro S.C., Azevedo J.C., Guerra C.A., Proença V., Santos C.C., Pôças I., Correia T.P., Honrado J.P., 2011. Condição e tendências recentes dos serviços de ecossistema florestal no Norte de Portugal. In Tereso JP, Honrado JP, Pinto AT, Rego FC (Eds.) Florestas do Norte de Portugal: História, Ecologia e Desafios de Gestão. InBio - Rede de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Biologia Evolutiva. Porto. ISBN: 978-989-97418-1-2. Pp 205-247.

iDiv publications


C. A. Guerra, M. Delgado-Baquerizo, E. Duarte, O. Marigliano, C. Görgen, F. T. Maestre, N. Eisenhauer

(2021): Global projections of the soil microbiome in the Anthropocene. Global Ecology and Biogeography 30(5) *

Delgado-Baquerizo, M., Guerra, C. A., Cano-Díaz, C., Egidi, E., Wang, J.-T., Eisenhauer, N., Singh, B. K., Maestre, F. T.

(2020): The proportion of soil-borne pathogens increases with warming at the global scale. Nature Climate Change (in press) *

Eisenhauer, N., F. Buscot,A. Heintz-Buschart, S. D. Jurburg, K. Küsel, J. Sikorski, H.-J. Vogel, C. A. Guerra

(2020): The multidimensionality of soil macroecology. Global Ecology and Biogeography (in press) *

Guerra, C. A., Heintz-Buschart, A., Sikorski, J., Chatzinotas, A., Guerrero-Ramirez, N.,Cesarz, S., Beaumelle, L., ..., Buscot, F., ..., Patoine, G., Phillips, H. R. P., Winter, M., Wubet, T., Küsel, K., ..., Eisenhauer, N.

(2020): Blind spots in global soil biodiversity and ecosystem function research. Nature Communications 11(1) *

Guerra, C. A., Rosa, I. M. D., Valentini, E., Wolf, F., Filipponi, F., Karger, D. N., Nguyen Xuan, A., Mathieu, J., Lavelle, P., Eisenhauer, N.

(2020): Global vulnerability of soil ecosystems to erosion. Landscape Ecology 35(4), 823-842 *

Kleemann, J., Schröter, M., Bagstad, K. J., Kuhlicke, C., Kastner, T., Fridman, D., Schulp, C. J. E., Wolff, S., Martínez-López, J., Koellner, T., Arnhold, S., Martín-López, B., Marques, A., Lopez-Hoffman, L., Liu, J., Kissinger, M., Guerra, C. A., Bonn, A.

(2020): Quantifying interregional flows of multiple ecosystem services – A case study for Germany. Global Environmental Change 61 *

Kühl, H. S., D. E. Bowler, L. Bösch, H. Bruelheide, J. Dauber, D. Eichenberg, N. Eisenhauer, N. Fernández, C. A. Guerra, K. Henle, I. Herbinger, N. J. B. Isaac, F. Jansen, B. König-Ries, I. Kühn, E. B. Nilsen, G. Pe'er,A. Richter, R. Schulte, J. Settele, N. M. van Dam,M. Voigt, W. J. Wägele, C. Wirth,A. Bonn

(2020): Effective Biodiversity Monitoring Needs a Culture of Integration. One Earth 3(4) *

Leberger, R., Geijzendorffer, I. R., Gaget, E., Gwelmami, A., Galewski, T., Pereira, H. M., Guerra, C. A.

(2020): Mediterranean wetland conservation in the context of climate and land cover change. Regional Environmental Change 20(2) *

Leberger, R., Rosa, I. M. D., Guerra, C. A., Wolf, F., Pereira, H. M.

(2020): Global patterns of forest loss across IUCN categories of protected areas. Biological Conservation 241 *

Morán-Ordóñez, A., Duane, A., Gil-Tena, A., Cáceres, M. D., Aquilué, N., Guerra, C. A., Geijzendorffer, I. R., Fortin, M.-J., Brotons, L.

(2020): Future impact of climate extremes in the Mediterranean: soil erosion projections when fire and extreme rainfall meet. Land Degradation & Development (in press) *

Rosa, I. M. D., Purvis, A., Alkemade, R., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Ferrier, S., Guerra, C. A., Hurtt, G., Kim, H., Leadley, P., Martins, I. S., Popp, A., Schipper, A. M., van Vuuren, D., Pereira, H. M.

(2020): Challenges in producing policy-relevant global scenarios of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Global Ecology and Conservation 22 *

Cameron, E. K., Martins, I. S., Lavelle, P., Mathieu, J., Tedersoo, L., Bahram, M., Gottschall, F., Guerra, C. A., Hines, J., Patoine, G., Siebert, J., Winter, M., Cesarz, S., Ferlian, O., Kreft, H., Lovejoy, T. E., Montanarella, L., Orgiazzi, A., Pereira, H. M., Phillips, H. R. P., Settele, J., Wall, D. H., Eisenhauer, N.

(2019): Global mismatches in aboveground and belowground biodiversity. Conservation Biology 33(5), 1187-1192

Eisenhauer, N., Bonn, A., A. Guerra, C.

(2019): Recognizing the quiet extinction of invertebrates. Nature Communications 10, 50

Eisenhauer, N., C. A. Guerra

(2019): ECOLOGY Global maps of soil nematode worms. Nature 572(7768), 187-188 *

Geijzendorffer, I. R., Beltrame, C., Chazee, L., Gaget, E., Galewski, T., Guelmami, A., Perennou, C., Popoff, N., Guerra, C. A., Leberger, R., Jalbert, J., Grilles, P.

(2019): A More Effective Ramsar Convention for the Conservation of Mediterranean Wetlands. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 7, 6 *

Giling, D. P., Beaumelle, L., Phillips, H. R. P., Cesarz, S., Eisenhauer, N., Ferlian, O., Gottschall, F., Guerra, C., Hines, J., Sendek, A., Siebert, J., Thakur, M. P., Barnes, A. D.

(2019): A niche for ecosystem multifunctionality in global change research. Global Change Biology 25(3), 763-74

Guerra, C. A., L. Pendleton, E. G. Drakou, V. Proenca, W. Appeltans, T. Domingos, G. Geller, S. Giamberini, M. Gill, ..., H. M. Pereira

(2019): Finding the essential: Improving conservation monitoring across scales. Global Ecology and Conservation 18 *

Guerra, C. A., Rosa, I. M. D., Pereira, H. M.

(2019): Change versus stability: are protected areas particularly pressured by global land cover change?. Landscape Ecology 34(12), 2779-2790 *

Koellner, T., A. Bonn, S. Arnhold, K. J. Bagstad, D. Fridman, C. A. Guerra, T. Kastner, M. Kissinger, J. Kleemann, ..., M. Schröter

(2019): Guidance for assessing interregional ecosystem service flows. Ecological Indicators 105, 92-106 *

Phillips, H. R. P., Guerra, C. A., ..., Ferlian, O., ..., Krebs, J., ..., Bennett, J., Brose, U., Decaëns, T., König-Ries, B., ..., Eisenhauer, N.

(2019): Global distribution of earthworm diversity. Science 366(6464), 480-485 *

Thakur, M. P., Phillips, H. R. P., Brose, U., ..., Bennett, J. M., Briones, M. J. I., Brown, G., Decaëns, T., Eisenhauer, N., Ferlian, O., Guerra, C. A., König-Ries, B. et al.

(2019): Towards an integrative understanding of soil biodiversity. Biological Reviews (in press) *

Cameron, E. K., Martins, I. S., Lavelle, P., Mathieu, J., Tedersoo, L., Gottschall, F., Guerra, C. A., Hines, J., Patoine, G., Siebert, J., Winter, M., Cesarz, S., Delgado-Baquerizo, M., Ferlian, O., Fierer, N., Kreft, H., Lovejoy, T. E., Montanarella, L., Orgiazzi, A., Pereira, H. M., Phillips, H. R. P., Settele, J., Wall, D. H., Eisenhauer, N.

(2018): Global gaps in soil biodiversity data. Nature Ecology & Evolution 2(7), 1042-43

Debolini, M., Maraccini, E., Dubeuf, J. P., Geijzendorffer, I. R., Guerra, C., Simon, M., Targetti, S., Napoléone, C.

(2018): Land and farming system dynamics and their drivers in the Mediterranean Basin. Land Use Policy 75, 702-10

Díaz, S., Pascual, U., Stenseke, M., Martín-López, B., Watson, R. T., Molnár, Z., Hill, R., Chan, K. M. A., Baste, I. A., Brauman, K. A., Polasky, S., Church, A., Lonsdale, M., Larigauderie, A., Leadley, P. W., van Oudenhoven, A. P. E., van der Plaat, F., Schröter, M., Lavorel, S., Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Y., Bukvareva, E., Davies, K., Demissew, S., Erpul, G., Failler, P., Guerra, C. A., et al.

(2018): Assessing nature's contributions to people. Science 359(6373), 270-72

Filipponi, F., Valentini, E., Nguyen Xuan, A., Guerra, C., Wolf, F., Andrzejak, M., Taramelli, A.

(2018): Global MODIS Fraction of Green Vegetation Cover for Monitoring Abrupt and Gradual Vegetation Changes. Remote Sensing 10(4), 653

Kim, H., Rosa, I. M. D., Alkemade, R., Leadley, P., Hurtt, G., Popp, A., van Vuuren, D. P., Anthoni, P., Arneth, A., Baisero, D., Caton, E., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Chini, L., De Palma, A., Di Fulvio, F., Di Marco, M., Espinoza, F., Ferrier, S., Fujimori, S., Gonzalez, R. E., Gueguen, M., Guerra, C., Harfoot, M., Harwood, T. D., Hasegawa, T., Haverd, V., Havlík, P., Hellweg, S., Hill, S. L. L., Hirata, A., Hoskins, A. J., Janse, J. H., Jetz, W., Johnson, J. A., Krause, A., Leclère, D., Martins, I. S., Matsui, T., Merow, C., Obersteiner, M., Ohashi, H., Poulter, B., Purvis, A., Quesada, B., Rondinini, C., Schipper, A. M., Sharp, R., Takahashi, K., Thuiller, W., Titeux, N., Visconti, P., Ware, C., Wolf, F., Pereira, H. M.

(2018): A protocol for an intercomparison of biodiversity and ecosystem services models using harmonized land-use and climate scenarios. Geoscientific Model Development 11(11), 4537-62

Navarro, L. M., Fernandez, N., Guerra, C., Guralnick, R., Kissling, W. D., Londono, M. C., Muller-Karger, F., Turak, E., Balvanera, P., Costello, M. J., Delavaud, A., El Serafy, G. Y., Ferrier, S., Geijzendorffer, I., Geller, G. N., Jetz, W., Kim, E. S., Kim, H., Martin, C. S., McGeoch, M. A., Mwampamba, T. H., Nel, J. L., Nicholson, E., Pettorelli, N., Schaepman, M. E., Skidmore, A., Pinto, I. S., Vergara, S., Vihervaara, P., Xu, H. G., Yahara, T., Gill, M., Pereira, H. M.

(2018): Monitoring biodiversity change through effective global coordination. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 29, 158-69

Geijzendorffer, I. R., Cohen-Shacham, E., Cord, A. F., Cramer, W., Guerra, C., Martín-López, B.

(2017): Ecosystem services in global sustainability policies. Environmental Science & Policy 74, 40-48
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Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg

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