Dr Hjalmar Kühl

Head of Junior Research Group

iDiv publications


Bessone, M., Kühl, H. S., Hohmann, G., Herbinger, I., N'Goran, K. P., Asanzi, P., Da Costa, P. B., Derozier, V., Fotsing, E. D. B., Beka, B. I., Iyomi, M. D., Iyatshi, I. B., Kafando, P., Kambere, M. A., Moundzoho, D. B., Wanzalire, M. L. K., Fruth, B.

(2020): Drawn out of the shadows: Surveying secretive forest species with camera trap distance sampling. Journal of Applied Ecology (in press)

Boesch, C., Kalan, A. K., Mundry, R., Arandjelovic, M., Pika, S., Dieguez, P., ..., Kühl, H. S.

(2020): Chimpanzee ethnography reveals unexpected cultural diversity. Nature Human Behaviour

Carvalho, J. S., Graham, B., Rebelo, H., Bocksberger, G., Meyer, C. F. J., Wich, S., Kühl, H. S.

(2020): A Global Analysis of Exposure Risk of Primates to Climate and Land Use Changes. Folia Primatologica 91(3), 249-250

Hicks, T. C., Kühl, H. S., Boesch, C., Menken, S. B. J., Hart, J., Roessingh, P., Ewango, C., Mundry, R.


(2020): The Relationship Between Tool Use and Prey Availability in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) of Northern Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal of Primatology

McCarthy, M. S., Despres-Einspenner, M. L., Farine, D. R., Samuni, L., Angedakin, S., Arandjelovic, M., Boesch, C., Dieguez, P., Havercamp, K., Knight, A., Langergraber, K. E., Kühl, H. S.

(2020): Camera Traps Offer a Robust Means for Social Network Analysis in Wild Chimpanzees. Folia Primatologica 91(3), 347-347

Voigt, M., Pereira, H. M., Kühl, H. S., Ancrenaz, M., Gaveau, D., Meijaard, E., Santika, T., Sherman, J., Struebig, M. J., Wich, S. A., Wolf, F., Rosa, I. M. D.

(2020): Deforestation Projections Imply Range-Wide Population Decline for the Critically Endangered Bornean Orang-utan. Folia Primatologica 91(3), 278-279 *

Bachmann, M. E., Junker, J., Mundry, R., Nielsen, M. R., Haase, D., Cohen, H., Kouassi, J. A. K.,  Kühl, H. S

(2019): Disentangling economic, cultural, and nutritional motives to identify entry points for regulating a wildlife commodity chain. Biological Conservation 238

Bruelheide, H., Dengler, J., Jiménez-Alfaro, B., Purschke, O., Hennekens, S. M., Chytrý, M., Pillar, V. D., Jansen, F., Kattge, J., Sandel, B., Aubin, I., Biurrun, I., Field, R., Haider, S., Jandt, U., Lenoir, J., Peet, R. K., Peyre, G., Sabatini, F. M., Schmidt, M., Schrodt, F., Winter, M., ..., Kühl, H., Kühn, I., ..., Sop, T., ..., Virtanen, R., von Wehrden, H., Wagner, V., Walker, D. A., Wana, D., Weiher, E., Wesche, K., et al.

(2019): sPlot – a new tool for global vegetation analyses. Journal of Vegetation Science 30(2), 161-86

Cappelle, N., Després-Einspenner, M.-L., Howe, E. J., Boesch, C., Kühl, H. S.

(2019): Validating camera trap distance sampling for chimpanzees. American Journal of Primatology 81(3), e22962

Carvalho, J. S., Graham, B., Rebelo, H., Bocksberger, G., Meyer, C. F. J., Wich, S., Kühl, H. S.

(2019): A global risk assessment of primates under climate and land use/cover scenarios. Global Change Biology 25(9), 3163-3178

Diarrassouba, A., A. Gnagbo, Y. Célestin Kouakou, G. Campbell, M. R. Tiedoué, A. Tondossama, H. S. Kühl, I. Koné

(2019): Differential response of seven duiker species to human activities in Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. African Journal of Ecology (in press) *

Gogarten, J. F., Hoffmann, C., Arandjelovic, M., ..., Kühl, H., Leendertz, F. H., Calvignac-Spencer, S

(2019): Fly-derived DNA and camera traps are complementary tools for assessing mammalian biodiversity. Environmental DNA 2(1), 63-76

Heinicke, S., Mundry, R., Boesch, C., Amarasekaran, B., Barrie, A., Brncic, T., Brugiere, D., Campbell, G., Carvalho, J., Danquah, E., Dowd, D., Eshuis, H., Fleury-Brugiere, M. C., Gamys, J., Ganas, J., Gatti, S., Ginn, L., Goedmakers, A., Granier, N., Herbinger, I., Hillers, A., Jones, S., Junker, J., Kouakou, C. Y., Lapeyre, V., Leinert, V., Marrocoli, S., Molokwu-Odozi, M., N'Goran, P. K., Normand, E., Pacheco, L., Regnaut, S., Sop, T., Ton, E., van Schijndel, J., Vendras, E., Vergnes, V., Welsh, A., Wessling, E. G., Kühl, H. S.

(2019): Characteristics of Positive Deviants in Western Chimpanzee Populations. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 7

Heinicke, S., Mundry, R., Boesch, C., Amarasekaran, B., Barrie, A., Brncic, T., Brugière, D., Campbell, G., Carvalho, J., Danquah, E., Dowd, D., Eshuis, H., Fleury-Brugière, M.-C., Gamys, J., Ganas, J., Gatti, S., Ginn, L., Goedmakers, A., Granier, N., Herbinger, I., Annika, H., Jones, S., Junker, J., Kouakou, C., Lapeyre, V., Leinert, V., Maisels, F., Marrocoli, S., Molokwu-Odozi, M., N'Goran, P. K., Pacheco, L., Regnaut, S., Sop, T., Ton, E., Schijndel, J. v., Vergnes, V., Voigt, M., Welsh, A., Wessling, E., Williamson, E. A., Kühl, H. S.

(2019): Advancing conservation planning for western chimpanzees using IUCN SSC A.P.E.S. – the case of a taxon-specific database. Environmental Research Letters 14(6) *

Heinicke, S., Mundry, R., Boesch, C., Hockings, K. J., Kormos, R., Ndiaye, P. I., Tweh, C. G., Williamson, E. A., Kühl, H. S

(2019): Towards systematic and evidence-based conservation planning for western chimpanzees. American Journal of Primatology 81(9)

Hicks, T. C., Kühl, H. S., Boesch, C., Dieguez, P., Ayimisin, A. E., Fernandez, R. M., Zungawa, D. B., Kambere, M., Swinkels, J., Menken, S. B. J., Hart, J., Mundry, R., Roessingh, P.

(2019): Bili-Uere: A Chimpanzee Behavioural Realm in Northern Democratic Republic of Congo. Folia Primatologica 90(1), 3-64

Holzner, A., Ruppert, N., Swat, F., Schmidt, M., Weiß, B. M., Villa, G., Mansor, A., Mohd Sah, S. A., Engelhardt, A., Kühl, H., Widdig, A.

(2019): Macaques can contribute to greener practices in oil palm plantations when used as biological pest control. Current Biology 29(20)

Kalan, A. K., Hohmann, G., Arandjelovic, M., Boesch, C., McCarthy, M. S., Agbor, A., Angedakin, S., Bailey, E., Balongelwa, C. W., ..., Kühl, H. S.

(2019): Novelty Response of Wild African Apes to Camera Traps. Current Biology 29(7), 1211-17

Kühl, H. S., Boesch, C., Kulik, L., ..., Wessling, E. G., Willie, J., Wittig, R. M., Yuh, Y. G., Yurkiw, K., Zuberbühler, K., Kalan, A. K.

(2019): Human impact erodes chimpanzee behavioral diversity. Science 363(6434), 1453-55

Kuhl, H. S., ..., E. G. Wessling, J. Willie, R. M. Wittig, Y. G. Yuh, K. Yurkiw, A. K. Kalan

(2019): Inclusive chimpanzee conservation—Response. Science 364(6445), 1040-1041

Marrocoli, S., Nielsen, M. R., Morgan, D., van Loon, T., Kulik, L., Kuhl, H.

(2019): Using wildlife indicators to facilitate wildlife monitoring in hunter-self monitoring schemes. Ecological Indicators 105, 254-263

McCarthy, M. S., Despres-Einspenner, M. L., Farine, D. R., Samuni, L., ..., Kuhl, H. S

(2019): Camera traps provide a robust alternative to direct observations for constructing social networks of wild chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour 157, 227-238

Wessling, E. G., Oelze, V. M., Eshuis, H., Pruetz, J. D., Kühl, H. S.

(2019): Stable isotope variation in savanna chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) indicate avoidance of energetic challenges through dietary compensation at the limits of the range. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 168(4), 665-75

Yuh, Y. G., Dongmo, Z. N., N’Goran, P. K., Ekodeck, H., Mengamenya, A., Kühl, H., Sop, T., Tracz, W., Agunbiade, M., Elvis, T.

(2019): Effects of Land cover change on Great Apes distribution at the Lobéké National Park and its surrounding Forest Management Units, South-East Cameroon. A 13 year time series analysis. Scientific Reports 9, 1445

Gatiso, T. T., Ordaz-Németh, I., Grimes, T., Lormie, M., Tweh, C., Kühl, H. S., Junker, J.

(2018): The impact of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic on agricultural production and livelihoods in Liberia. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 12(8), e0006580

Gatiso, T. T., Vollan, B., Vimal, R., Kühl, H. S.

(2018): If Possible, Incentivize Individuals Not Groups: Evidence from Lab-in-the-Field Experiments on Forest Conservation in Rural Uganda. Conservation Letters 11(1), e12387

Hedwig, D., Kienast, I., Bonnet, M., Curran, B. K., Courage, A., Boesch, C., Kuehl, H. S., King, T.

(2018): A camera trap assessment of the forest mammal community within the transitional savannah-forest mosaic of the Bateke Plateau National Park, Gabon. African Journal of Ecology 56(4), 777-90

Hernandez-Rodriguez, J., Arandjelovic, M., Lester, J., de Filippo, C., Weihmann, A., Meyer, M., Angedakin, S., Casals, F., Navarro, A., Vigilant, L., Kühl, H. S., et al.

(2018): The impact of endogenous content, replicates and pooling on genome capture from fecal samples. Molecular Ecology Resources 18(2), 319-33

Howe, E. J., Buckland, S. T., Després-Einspenner, M.-L., Kühl, H. S.

(2018): Model selection with overdispersed distance sampling data. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 10(1), 38-47

Marrocoli, S., Gatiso, T. T., Morgan, D., Nielsen, M. R., Kühl, H.

(2018): Environmental Uncertainty and Self-monitoring in the Commons: A Common-pool Resource Experiment Framed Around Bushmeat Hunting in the Republic of Congo. Ecological Economics 149, 274-84

McCarthy, M. S., Despres-Einspenner, M. L., Samuni, L., Mundry, R., Lemoine, S., Preis, A., Wittig, R. M., Boesch, C., Kühl, H. S.

(2018): An assessment of the efficacy of camera traps for studying demographic composition and variation in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). American Journal of Primatology 80(9)

Morgan, D., Mundry, R., Sanz, C., Ayina, C. E., Strindberg, S., Lonsdorf, E., Kühl, H. S.

(2018): African apes coexisting with logging: Comparing chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) and gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) resource needs and responses to forestry activities. Biological Conservation 218, 277-86

Strindberg, S., Maisels, F., Williamson, E. A., Blake, S., Stokes, E. J., Aba'a, R., Abitsi, G., Agbor, A., Ambahe, R. D., Bakabana, P. C., Bechem, M., Berlemont, A., de Semboli, B. B., Boundja, P. R., Bout, N., Breuer, T., Campbell, G., De Wachter, P., Akou, M. E., Mba, F. E., Feistner, A. T. C., Fosso, B., Fotso, R., Greer, D., Inkamba-Nkulu, C., Iyenguet, C. F., Jeffery, K. J., Kokangoye, M., Kühl, H. S., et al.

(2018): Guns, germs, and trees determine density and distribution of gorillas and chimpanzees in Western Equatorial Africa. Science Advances 4(4), eaar2964

van Casteren, A., Oelze, V. M., Angedakin, S., Kalan, A. K., Kambi, M., Boesch, C., Kühl, H. S., et al.

(2018): Food mechanical properties and isotopic signatures in forest versus savannah dwelling eastern chimpanzees. Communications Biology 1, 109

van Pinxteren, B. O. C. M., Sirianni, G., Gratton, P., Després-Einspenner, M.-L., Egas, M., Kühl, H., Lapuente, J., Meier, A. C., Janmaat, K. R. L.

(2018): Sooty mangabeys scavenge on nuts cracked by chimpanzees and red river hogs—An investigation of inter-specific interactions around tropical nut trees. American Journal of Primatology 80(8), e22895

Voigt, M., Wich, S. A., Ancrenaz, M., Meijaard, E., Abram, N., Banes, G. L., Campbell-Smith, G., d'Arcy, L. J., Delgado, R. A., Erman, A., Gaveau, D., Goossens, B., Heinicke, S., Houghton, M., Husson, S. J., Leiman, A., Sanchez, K. L., Makinuddin, N., Marshall, A. J., Meididit, A., Miettinen, J., Mundry, R., Musnanda, Nardiyono, Nurcahyo, A., Odom, K., Panda, A., Prasetyo, D., Priadjati, A., Purnomo, Rafiastanto, A., Russon, A. E., Santika, T., Sihite, J., Spehar, S., Struebig, M., Sulbaran-Romero, E., Tjiu, A., Wells, J., Wilson, K. A., Kühl, H. S.

(2018): Global Demand for Natural Resources Eliminated More Than 100,000 Bornean Orangutans. Current Biology 28(5), 761-69

Wessling, E. G., Deschner, T., Mundry, R., Pruetz, J. D., Wittig, R. M., Kühl, H. S.

(2018): Seasonal Variation in Physiology Challenges the Notion of Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) as a Forest-Adapted Species. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 6, 60

Wessling, E. G., Kühl, H. S., Mundry, R., Deschner, T., Pruetz, J. D.

(2018): The costs of living at the edge: Seasonal stress in wild savanna-dwelling chimpanzees. Journal of Human Evolution 121, 1-11

Boesch, C., Kalan, A. K., Agbor, A., Arandjelovic, M., Dieguez, P., Lapeyre, V., Kühl, H. S.

(2017): Chimpanzees routinely fish for algae with tools during the dry season in Bakoun, Guinea. American Journal of Primatology 79(3), 1-7

Boesch, L., Mundry, R., Kühl, H. S., Berger, R.

(2017): Wild mammals as economic goods and implications for their conservation. Ecology and Society 22(4)

Crunchant, A.-S., Egerer, M., Loos, A., Burghardt, T., Zuberbühler, K., Corogenes, K., Leinert, V., Kulik, L., Kühl, H. S.

(2017): Automated face detection for occurrence and occupancy estimation in chimpanzees. American Journal of Primatology 79(3), 1-12

Despres-Einspenner, M. L., Howe, E. J., Drapeau, P., Kühl, H. S.

(2017): An empirical evaluation of camera trapping and spatially explicit capture-recapture models for estimating chimpanzee density. American Journal of Primatology 79(7)

Estienne, V., Mundry, R., Kühl, H. S., Boesch, C.

(2017): Exploitation of underground bee nests by three sympatric consumers in Loango National Park, Gabon. Biotropica 49(1), 101-09

Gratton, P., Marta, S., Bocksberger, G., Winter, M., Keil, P., Trucchi, E., Kühl, H.

(2017): Which Latitudinal Gradients for Genetic Diversity?. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 32(10), 724-26

Gratton, P., Marta, S., Bocksberger, G., Winter, M., Trucchi, E., Kühl, H.

(2017): A world of sequences: can we use georeferenced nucleotide databases for a robust automated phylogeography?. Journal of Biogeography 44(2), 475-86

Howe, E. J., Buckland, S. T., Després-Einspenner, M.-L., Kühl, H. S.

(2017): Distance sampling with camera traps. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 8(11), 1558-65

Junker, J., Kühl, H., Orth, L., Smith, R., Petrovan, S., Sutherland, W.

(2017): Primate conservation: Global evidence for the effects of interventions. In: (Eds.) University of Cambridge, UK

Kühl, H. S., Sop, T., Williamson, E. A., Mundry, R., Brugière, D., Campbell, G., Cohen, H., Danquah, E., Ginn, L., Herbinger, I., et al.

(2017): The Critically Endangered western chimpanzee declines by 80%. American Journal of Primatology 79(9)

Ordaz-Németh, I., Arandjelovic, M., Boesch, L., Gatiso, T., Grimes, T., Kühl, H. S., Lormie, M., Stephens, C., Tweh, C., Junker, J.

(2017): The socio-economic drivers of bushmeat consumption during the West African Ebola crisis. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 11(3), e0005450

Santika, T., Ancrenaz, M., Wilson, K. A., Spehar, S., Abram, N., Banes, G. L., Campbell-Smith, G., Curran, L., d'Arcy, L., Delgado, R. A., Erman, A., Goossens, B., Hartanto, H., Houghton, M., Husson, S. J., Kühl, H. S., ..., Voigt, M., et al.

(2017): First integrative trend analysis for a great ape species in Borneo. Scientific Reports 7, 4839

Cameron, K. N., Reed, P., Morgan, D. B., Ondzié, A. I., Sanz, C. M., Kühl, H. S., Olson, S. H., Leroy, E., Karesh, W. B., Mundry, R.

(2016): Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of a Mortality Event among Central African Great Apes. PLoS ONE 11(5), e0154505

Imong, I. S., Kühl, H. S., Robbins, M. M., Mundry, R.

(2016): Evaluating the potential effectiveness of alternative management scenarios in ape habitat. Environmental Conservation 43(02), 161-71

Kalan, A. K., Piel, A. K., Mundry, R., Wittig, R. M., Boesch, C., Kühl, H. S.

(2016): Passive acoustic monitoring reveals group ranging and territory use: a case study of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Frontiers in Zoology 13(34)

Kühl, H. S., Kalan, A. K., Arandjelovic, M., Aubert, F., D'Auvergne, L., Goedmakers, A., Jones, S., Kehoe, L., Regnaut, S., Tickle, A., et al.

(2016): Chimpanzee accumulative stone throwing. Scientific Reports 6, 22219

Oelze, V. M., Fahy, G., Hohmann, G., Robbins, M. M., Leinert, V., Lee, K., Eshuis, H., Seiler, N., Wessling, E. G., Head, J., Boesch, C., Kühl, H. S.

(2016): Comparative isotope ecology of African great apes. Journal of Human Evolution 101, 1-16

Serckx, A., Huynen, M. C., Beudels-Jamar, R. C., Vimond, M., Bogaert, J., Kühl, H. S.

(2016): Bonobo nest site selection and the importance of predictor scales in primate ecology. American Journal of Primatology 78(12), 1326-43

Wich, S. A., Singleton, I., Nowak, M. G., Utami Atmoko, S. S., Nisam, G., Arif, S. M., Putra, R. H., Ardi, R., Fredriksson, G., Usher, G., Gaveau, D. L. A., Kühl, H. S.

(2016): Land-cover changes predict steep declines for the Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii). Science Advances 2(3), e1500789

Brncic, T., Amarasekaran, B., McKenna, A., Mundry, R., Kühl, H.

(2015): Large mammal diversity and their conservation in the human-dominated land-use mosaic of Sierra Leone. Biodiversity and Conservation 24(10), 2417-38

Heinicke, S., Kalan, A. K., Wagner, O. J. J., Mundry, R., Lukashevich, H., Kühl, H. S.

(2015): Assessing the performance of a semi-automated acoustic monitoring system for primates. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 6(7), 753-63

Junker, J., Boesch, C., Freeman, T., Mundry, R., Stephens, C., Kühl, H. S.

(2015): Integrating wildlife conservation with conflicting economic land-use goals in a West African biodiversity hotspot. Basic and Applied Ecology 16(8), 690-702

Junker, J., Boesch, C., Mundry, R., Stephens, C., Lormie, M., Tweh, C., Kühl, H. S.

(2015): Education and access to fish but not economic development predict chimpanzee and mammal occurrence in West Africa. Biological Conservation 182, 27-35

Kalan, A. K., Mundry, R., Wagner, O. J. J., Heinicke, S., Boesch, C., Kühl, H. S.

(2015): Towards the automated detection and occupancy estimation of primates using passive acoustic monitoring. Ecological Indicators 54, 217-26

Saez, A. M., Weiss, S., Nowak, K., Lapeyre, V., Zimmermann, F., Duex, A., Kühl, H. S., Kaba, M., Regnaut, S., Merkel, K., et al.

(2015): Investigating the zoonotic origin of the West African Ebola epidemic. Embo Molecular Medicine 7(1), 17-23

Serckx, A., Kühl, H. S., Beudels-Jamar, R. C., Poncin, P., Bastin, J.-F., Huynen, M.-C.

(2015): Feeding Ecology of Bonobos Living in Forest-Savannah Mosaics: Diet Seasonal Variation and Importance of Fallback Foods. American Journal of Primatology 77(9), 948-62

Van Andel, A. C., Wich, S. A., Boesch, C., Koh, L. P., Robbins, M. M., Kelly, J., Kühl, H. S.

(2015): Locating Chimpanzee Nests and Identifying Fruiting Trees With an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. American Journal of Primatology 77(10), 1122-34

Serckx, A., Huynen, M. C., Bastin, J. F., Hambuckers, A., Beudels-Jamar, R. C., Vimond, M., Raynaud, E., Kühl, H. S.

(2014): Nest Grouping Patterns of Bonobos (Pan paniscus) in Relation to Fruit Availability in a Forest-Savannah Mosaic. PLoS ONE 9(4), 16

Tranquilli, S., Abedi-Lartey, M., Abernethy, K., Amsini, F., Asamoah, A., Balangtaa, C., Blake, S., Bouanga, E., Breuer, T., Brncic, T. M., Campbell, G., Chancellor, R., Chapman, C. A., Davenport, T. R. B., Dunn, A., Dupain, J., Ekobo, A., Eno-Nku, M., Etoga, G., Furuichi, T., Gatti, S., Ghiurghi, A., Hashimoto, C., Hart, J. A., Head, J., Hega, M., Herbinger, I., Hicks, T. C., Holbech, L. H., Huijbregts, B., Kühl, H. S., et al.

(2014): Protected Areas in Tropical Africa: Assessing Threats and Conservation Activities. Plos One 9(12), e114154

Tweh, C. G., Lormie, M. M., Kouakou, C. Y., Hillers, A., Kühl, H. S., Junker, J.

(2014): Conservation status of chimpanzees Pan troglodytes verus and other large mammals in Liberia: a nationwide survey. Oryx 49(04), 710-18

Wich, S. A., Garcia-Ulloa, J., Kühl, H. S., Humle, T., Lee, J. S. H., Koh, L. P.

(2014): Will Oil Palm's Homecoming Spell Doom for Africa's Great Apes?. Current Biology 24(14), 1659-63
Icon address

Deutscher Platz 5e
04103 Leipzig, Germany

Icon roomnumber


Icon phone
+49 341 3550236
Icon institutes

Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

Robert Bosch Stiftung

Share this site on:
iDiv is a research centre of theDFG Logo